Monthly Archives: April 2015

Preventing birth injuries by inducing labor

Although it is not common for doctors in California and around the country to induce labor until a pregnancy has reached 39 weeks, it may be safer to do so if the baby is unusually large. By inducing labor at 37 or 38 weeks, the baby will have more room to navigate the birth canal without getting its shoulders stuck. If the baby’s shoulder does get stuck inside of its mother, it could lead to nerve damage or shoulder fracture.

The risk of shoulder dystocia is about 1 percent in births involving normally-sized babies. However, the risk increases to 10 percent in babies that are larger than normal at birth. In a study involving several European hospitals, 800 women who had fetuses in the 95 percentile of weight based on gestational age were split into two groups. In one group, the women were induced early while women in the other group were simply monitored unless it was medically necessary to induce labor.

Babies delivered by those who were induced suffered shoulder dystocia in 2 percent of all births. This was compared to 6 percent for babies who were delivered by mothers who were merely monitored. However, doctors say that there are other risks that need to be considered before concluding that early induction is always best for the infant in this type of scenario.

If a baby is injured during delivery, the parents may want to consider taking legal action against the doctor under whose direction the birthing procedure was performed. In addition, the health care facility where the delivery took place may also be held responsible in some instances. The parents of the child may be entitled to compensation for the costs of medical treatment and potential long-term care costs.

Blast-related brain injuries associated with brain abnormalities

California residents who suffered a mild traumatic brain injury and lost consciousness may suffer from structural brain abnormalities. According to the results of a study, the brain abnormalities may be associated with a decrease in performance of the injured person’s verbal memory.

The study analyzed three different groups of people: those who had no history of TBI, a group who suffered a TBI but did not lose consciousness, and a group who suffered a TBI and lost consciousness. All groups underwent TBI, PTSD and neurological tests. Those who suffered from a mild TBI showed abnormalities in their white brain matter, regardless of whether they lost consciousness.

Blast-related brain trauma is a common injury for those who were stationed in Iraq or Afghanistan. Because most of the brain trauma that is experienced is mild, the damage may not be detected by a normal CT scan or other imaging tests. However, diffusion tensor imaging may pick up abnormal changes in the person’s white brain matter. These abnormalities could potentially be associated with mental health disorders and other cognitive changes that many veterans experience. The researchers hoped that their study demonstrated that diffusion tensor imaging would allow physicians to better support those suffering from traumatic brain injuries.

If a person suffers a traumatic brain injury, an attorney may potentially help the victim seek compensation. Because head injuries can result in a loss of memory, cognitive changes and even result in mental illness, the injured person might have difficulty finding and holding a job or living a normal life. In some cases, the attorney may demonstrate the full costs of the injury, including hospital and treatment costs and income that was not earned due to the injury.

The different types of burn injuries

As many California residents know, burns can be the result of accidents that occur in the home, in the workplace or in commercial environments such as a restaurant. In many cases, they are treatable with ice and by keeping the area clean in order to prevent infection. However, some burns can cause significant harm and may be life-threatening.

Burns can result when a person comes in contact with hot substances or surfaces, is in an extremely cold environment or receives excessive exposure to the sun. Injuries that are incurred when an individual comes in contact with hot liquids, hot surfaces, steam or fire are referred to as thermal burns. Inhalation burns may occur when hot gases are inhaled. Electrical burns are often incurred when a person touches an exposed wire or is struck by lightning, and they may cause serious injury or death.

Cold temperature exposure may result in a decreased blood flow and concomitant frostbite. When this happens, the affected area may be said to have experienced a cold burn, one that must be treated in order to prevent additional injury to the skin. Windy and wet conditions augment cold burns. Chemicals are also able to cause burn injuries. These result mainly from contact with the skin or eyes and can happen in the home or in a workplace setting. Radiation burns can result from exposure to ultraviolet light or radiation therapy. Scraping one’s skin on a rough or hard surface is referred to as a friction burn.

Burn injuries may require extensive and costly treatment and may result in burn scars. If the injury is due to the negligence of another individual, consulting with an attorney may be beneficial. It may be advisable in some instances to pursue a personal injury lawsuit seeking the recovery of damages from the responsible party.

Brain trauma and aging in California

According to a recent study, a traumatic brain injury may be responsible for premature aging and other complications in the future. As part of the study, 99 people who had suffered a brain injury were given a brain scan as little as one month after the injury and as many as 46 years after the injury. These scans were then compared to scans of those who had not suffered an injury.

In addition, researchers used a computer model to estimate a person’s brain age by looking at the amount of white and gray matter inside of a given brain. Research concluded that those who suffered from head injuries had brain structures that were similar to those in older people. Overall, those who had suffered an injury had a brain that was almost five years older than their biological age.

Researchers hope to use these models as a method of screening for head injuries in the future. They also hope to use it as a tool to screen for any possible signs of Alzheimer’s or dementia in those who are currently healthy. By catching indications of brain disease early enough, it may be possible to enroll people in medical trials to potentially stave off the disease or its symptoms for as long as possible.

A traumatic brain injury could result in pain and suffering for many months or years after the injury occurs. It could also result in secondary conditions that could erode an individual’s quality of life. Those who have been injured through no fault of their own such as in a slip-and-fall accident or after being involved in a car crash caused by the negligence of another driver may wish to consult an attorney to determine the remedies that may be available.

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