Monthly Archives: August 2015

ADHD may be associated with traumatic brain injuries

California residents may find it interesting that a Canadian study on adults reportedly found a link between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and traumatic brain injuries. Ultimately, the study suggested that those who suffered traumatic brain injuries in the past may benefit from screenings for ADHD.

The data was conducted via a phone study of adults who lived in Ontario, Canada. Researches stated that, according to the data, the surveyed adults who had suffered a traumatic brain injury were more likely to have symptoms associated with ADHD. The lead author stated that the data was not surprising; many of the symptoms those who had suffered a brain injury were similar to symptoms experienced by those who were diagnosed with ADHD. The study found that 5.9 percent of the participants had been diagnosed with ADHD; an additional 6.6 percent were diagnosed during the study itself.

ADHD is a behavioral disorder that is often diagnosed during a person’s childhood. Those who exhibit symptoms often have difficulty paying attention and have impulsive behaviors. As of 2011, the CDC reported that 11 percent of children between the ages of four and 17 had been diagnosed with ADHD. This number reportedly continues to rise each year. The CDC also reported that, in 2010, approximately 2.5 million traumatic brain injuries had been suffered.

When a person suffers a brain injury, the consequences can be significant and long-lasting. Often, the person may experience symptoms of other conditions, such as ADHD. If the injury was the result of an accident that was caused by the negligence of another, an attorney may help the injured victim to file a personal injury lawsuit seeking damages for the losses that have been incurred.

Electronic fetal monitoring can increase childbirth risks

Electronic fetal monitoring is the single most common obstetric procedure in California and across the United States, with statistics showing it is used on more than eight out of 10 pregnant women. However, years of studies show that it is unnecessary and potentially dangerous.

EFM, which includes internal and external monitoring of a baby’s heart rate during labor, was introduced in the 1960s to prevent fetal asphyxia. In the decades since, researchers have found that the procedure does little to save the lives of babies or mothers. In fact, it has been shown to increase childbirth risks because it is associated with a higher rate of aggressive labor interventions, such as C-sections and vacuum extractions. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists stopped recommending continuous EFM 25 years ago and updated its guidelines in 2013 to note that the practice has not had any effect on perinatal mortality. In 2015, the American Academy of Nursing also advised against the automatic use of EFM.

There are a few reasons why it is still so widely used, however. One is that birth in the U.S. has become a highly medicalized process. Drugs, fetal monitoring, episiotomies, C-sections and other interventions have become routine during labor, and many medical professionals now view it as necessary. However, research suggests that low tech alternatives to EFM, such as stethoscopes or fetoscopes, carry less risk during childbirth.

California mothers who believe they or their baby were injured during delivery may benefit by consulting with an attorney. In some cases, it could be advisable to file a medical malpractice lawsuit against the responsible parties seeking compensation for the damages that have been incurred.

Recovering from brain injuries may take longer due to drugs

California patients who suffered a brain injury may be interested to learn that prescribed drugs used to treat common conditions may delay their recovery. Anticholinergics, which are often given to patients recovering from brain injuries for pain and urinary incontinence, can actually impact the patient’s recovery times.

Researchers from the University of East Anglia in the UK studied 52 patients who were recovering from a brain or spinal cord injury. They ultimately discovered that the length of stay was on average longer for patients who were given higher doses of anticholinergic drugs than those who were given lower doses. However, the researchers noted that the study did not show that the anticholinergic drugs were a direct cause of the longer recovery times; the study did show, however, that there was a link between the two.

A senior author who teaches at the Norwich Medical School at UAE stated that further studies would need to be conducted to determine what the long-term effects the medications had on the patients’ recovery. The medications often have side effects that include dizziness and other cognitive impairments that could keep patients from being able to be active in their recovery and rehabilitation.

When a person suffers a brain injury in an accident that was caused by another person, they face a long and hard recovery. In some cases, the injured person may be eligible to file a personal injury claim against the person who was responsible for causing the accident. In the lawsuit, the injured person can potentially seek compensation for the cost of their medical treatment and for the cost of rehabilitation. If the injury was life-changing, they may even have the ability to seek punitive damages, future medical costs and compensation for mental anguish.

Test could be better than CT scan at predicting brain injury

Millions of traumatic brain injuries take place every year in California and around the country, but people may soon benefit from a new blood test that could help emergency room doctors detect a TBI and its severity. According to the findings published in the July 10 issue of the Journal of Neurotrauma, the test could identify if a patient might benefit from an experimental treatment or extra therapy.

The blood test measures a protein that seems to help doctors predict the outcome when a patient might be suffering from a TBI. These injuries are usually caused by damaged brain cells, and the CT scans physicians use are imperfect for detecting them. CT scans detect bleeding in the brain, but brain cell damage can happen even without bleeding.

A physician might send someone home with mild or no symptoms if a CT scan shows no bleeding, but the patient may still experience problems after going home. Physicians associated with the study wanted to find out if a blood test could reveal the patients that would have ongoing TBI related symptoms and decided to measure the proteins that might play a role in brain cell activity. When studying 300 patients with a TBI and 150 without one, they found that a protein called brain-derived neurotrophic factor could tell them about a patient’s condition when measured within 24 hours of a head injury.

A TBI caused by a blow to the head is often the result of a car accident. An injured victim of such an accident that was caused by the negligence of another driver may want to speak with a personal injury attorney to determine the recourse that may be available.

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